More coffee plantations were established in East Java, Central Java, West Java and parts of Sumatra and Sulawesi. Indonesia was the first place outside of Arabia and Ethiopia where coffee was widely cultivated.
By mid of 17th century VOC expanded arabica coffee growing areas in Sumatra, Bali, Sulawesi and Timor. In Sulawesi the coffee was first planted in 1750. In North Sumatra highlands coffee was first grown near Lake Toba in 1888, followed in Gayo highland (Aceh) near Lake Laut Tawar in 1924. In the late eighteen hundreds, Dutch colonialists established large coffee plantations on the Ijen Plateau in eastern Java.
The plantations on Java were nationalised at independence and revitalised with new varieties of coffee arabica in the 1950s. These varieties were also adopted by smallholders through the government and various development programs. Today, more than 90% of Indonesia’s coffee is grown by smallholders on farms averaging one hectare or less. Much of the production is organic and at least 19 farmers’ cooperatives and exporters are internationally certified to market organic coffee.
Kamandaka was named after a West Javan prince, Raden Kamandaka.
The coffee is grown at high altitudes to the North and East of Bandung, West Java.
Cinnamon and apple notes, spicy with medium body and acidity